隔热断桥铝门窗型材的生产工艺

2015-10-12

随着人们居住环境的改变和思想的转变,近年来,国内断桥铝门窗市场由于火爆,也使得很多生产铝合金型材的厂家转变生产断桥铝门窗型材,隔热断桥铝门窗型材的生产成本比普通铝型材的高,增加了贯穿氧化、喷涂、穿条等
随着人们居住环境的改变和思想的转变,近年来,国内断桥铝门窗市场由于火爆,也使得很多生产铝合金型材的厂家转变生产断桥铝门窗型材,隔热断桥铝门窗型材的生产成本比普通铝型材的高,增加了贯穿氧化、喷涂、穿条等工序。通过穿条断桥连接,可以将氧化银白色料与彩色喷涂料,砂面料与着色料相连接;增加型材的装饰感。今天讲解 隔热断桥铝门窗型材的生产工艺。
1、生产工艺流程  
国内的隔热断桥铝型材生产线,主要生产工艺技术是采用“辊压嵌入式”,无论是引进国外的或国产设备,均是采用“三步法”生产程序,即开齿、穿条、辊压。也有的企业在研究“两步法”生产程序,将开齿、穿条同步进行,但基本原理还是一样,只是缩短了工序时间。  

工艺流程为:型材上操作平台→贴保护膜→开齿→穿条→辊压→隔热腔填充聚氨酯泡沫→包装。 

(1)第一道工序主要是检验型材表面质量及尺寸规格。内、外层铝型材可以采用阳极氧化或静电粉末喷涂型材。也可以将内、外层铝型材采用不同颜色配料,通过穿条断桥连接,形成内、外双色铝合金门窗。  
(2)第二道工序是贴保护膜,主要保护型材表面质量在加工、搬运过程中不被损坏。  
(3)开齿是关键工序,主要是在隔热铝型材穿条滑道两内壁碾压形成如锯齿状齿道。通过辊压嵌入聚氯乙烯硬质塑料胶条,使其固定在一起。如图2所示。  
目前国内对齿道深度没有具体规定,但在行业标准JC/T建筑隔热铝合金型材标准中.规定了其抗拉强度和抗剪强度值(见表1),从而要求齿道必须将聚氯乙烯硬质塑料隔热条与铝合金型材通过辊压紧连接在一起。  
(4)穿条与辊压工序是重要工序,穿条是将聚氯乙烯硬质塑料隔热条,通过穿条设备穿入已开好齿的隔热铝型材齿道内,然后又通过辊压设备,将隔热断桥铝型材与聚氯乙烯硬质塑料胶条辊压在一起

(5)隔热腔填充聚氨酯泡沫工序是对发泡式隔热铝型材而言的,将型材放在双组分计量混配器中,通过混合喷头灌注到隔热腔内自然发泡,聚氨酯是聚氨基甲酸酯的简称。高分子主链上含有许多重复的-NH-C-O-||O 基团的高分化合物,统称聚氨基甲酸酯。热导率特别低,有优越的声学性能、电学性能和耐化学作用性能。发泡式隔热铝型材具备双重保温效果,适用于寒冷地带。  
(6)包装是最后工序,可用塑料薄膜套装,也可用包装纸缠绕包装,主要是保护型材在运输、加工中不被磕碰伤。 
以上六点就是关于隔热断桥铝门窗型材生产的操作工艺流程,隔热断桥铝门窗是目前市场上最流行最主流的门窗产品,相信在今后的建筑门窗市场中,隔热断桥铝门窗还将继续蓬勃发展,带给社会和人们更多不一样的门窗生活。

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